- Intellectual Disability

Even though people with an ID or II have common needs and experience common difficulties, it is important to note that all individuals are different with their own individual interests, likes and dislikes, strengths and weaknesses.

The commonalities are outlined below.

An ID or II affects the cognitive functions, meaning the thought-related processes such as:

Planning

Organisation

Attention

Regulation

Reasoning

Effective problem solving

People with an ID or II have difficulties with:

Information reception (understanding the message)

Information processing (giving meaning to the message)

Retaining information (memorising information)

Expressing information (responding)

These difficulties affect the overall functioning of the individual.

It affects the:

Ability to learn

Communication

Daily living tasks (i.e. personal care, meal preparation, getting around independently, managing money)

Social interaction

Behavioural challenges in people with an ID or II are mainly related to an inconsistent approach, overestimation and unmet needs.

Treatment will be focused on finding out the possible motives behind the behaviour including cause and reinforcements. Concrete strategies will be determined based on the outcome of the assessment.

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